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Special needs

NIARC / Special needs

Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common locomotor disorder among children, affecting approximately 2 to 2.5 per 1000 live births. It covers a group of non progressive permanent disorders of movement & posture. It is often accompanied by problems in sensation, perception, cognition, communication & behaviour, epilepsy, hearing, vision,swallowing,nutrition,dentition,sleep and secondary musculoskeletal problems like deformities.

Downs syndrome is a genetic condition, and is the most commonly occurring chromosomal abnormality. It occurs in 1 out of every 800 births . It is often accompanied by developmental delays, intellectual disability, problems in feeding , speech , hearing, vision,dentition,heart disease,hypothyroidism,gastrointestinal problems

Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by impaired social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication, and restricted and repetitive behaviour.It is often accompanied by language problems, ADHD,sensory issues,sleep problems,seizures,intellectual disab

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Syndrome (ADHD) is a condition that makes it unusually difficult for children to concentrate, to pay attention, to sit still, to follow directions, and to control impulsive behaviour.Approximately 3 to 7 % children has ADHD.The comorbidities include learning & language problems, conduct disorder, depression, anxiety.

Speech language Impairments are the most common of childhood disabilities and affect about 1 in 12 children or 5% to 8% of preschool children. The consequences of untreated speech-language problems are significant and lead to behavioural challenges, mental health problems, reading difficulties, and academic failure.These delays and disorder range from simple sound substitutions to the inability to understand or use language or use the oral-motor mechanism for functional speech.

Hearing Impairment – With virtually no mortality,causes huge impact on one’s social, educational and economic well-being. In India, 5-6 in every 1000 children suffer from hearing loss, with over 100,000 babies that are born with hearing deficiency every year. The estimated prevalence of childhood onset deafness is 2%.

Intellectual Disability is characterised by below average intelligence or mental ability and lack of skills necessary for day to day living. They can and do learn new skills, but they learn them more slowly.There are varying degrees of ID, from mild to profound.